Ge’ez – Tigrinya translation of the Sumerian King List (SKL) – Part 9


One thing you have to ask yourself is how does Geโ€™ez/Tigrinya translation give an accurate historical and contextual etymology which makes much more sense than the manistream translations. I will leave you to your own judgement.


First dynasty of Ur

Meskiagnun – แˆ˜แˆตแŠชแ‹ซแŒ‹แŠแŠ• – (reigned for 36 years)

Ganen – แŒ‹แŠ”แŠ• – evil spirit, specter, devil, demon, ghost.

Anag – แ‹แŠแŒ – ear ring, nose ring, necklace, chain.

Mesa’ – แˆ˜แŒธ – he came, came, arrive.

An/ini/Annuna/Nin โ€“ แŠ แŠ•/แŠขแŠ’/แŠ แŠ‘แŠ“ โ€“ title of the Godโ€™s.

n’una – แŠ“แ‹แŠ“ – for us.

Mosa’ – แˆžแŒปแŠฅ – vanquish, defeat.

masih โ€“ แˆ˜แˆฒแˆ• โ€“ anointed one.

Seqay – แˆฐแ‰…แ‹ซ – torment, torture, pain, vex, suffering.

Mesa’Kagnen – แˆ˜แŒธ แŠจแŠ แŒ‹แŠ”แŠ• – He arrived with evil spirits/ demons.

Masih ki ang Nanna – แˆ˜แˆฒแˆ• แŠช แ‹แŠ•แŒˆ แŠ“แŠ“ – Annointed on earth with the chain of the Goddess.

M’sqia ganen – แˆ˜แˆณแ‰€แ‹จ แŒ‹แŠ”แŠ• – The one who tormented the evil spirits/demons.

The contextual and symbolic meaning tells us that he was an annointed King by his father with the blessing of the Gods. It also tells us that he was a ruler who vanquished the dark entities in his land.

mainstream translation

Meskiagnun, also Mesh-ki-ang-Nanna (Sumerian: ๐’ˆฉ๐’† ๐’‰˜๐’‰ฃ, mes-ki-agโ‚‚-nun, also ๐’€ญ๐’ˆฉ๐’† ๐’‰˜๐’‰ฃ๐’ˆพ, Dmes-ki-aล‹โ‚‚-nun-na), was the fourth lugal or king of the First Dynasty of Ur, according to the Sumerian King List, which states he ruled for 36 years.

๐’ˆฉ๐’† ๐’‰˜๐’‰ฃ / ๐’ˆ—๐’Œถ๐’†  / ๐’ƒถ๐’Šบ๐’‰ฃ๐’‚ ๐’๐’‰ก / ๐’ฎ๐’‹ค / ๐’€€๐’ˆฌ๐’Š’
[mes-ki]-ag2-nun / lugal uri5ki / gan-saman (SZE.NUN.SZE3.BU)-nu / dam-su3 / a mu-ru

The one who torments demons/his fame when it was heard/ they came from behind/ to witness.

“For (the life of) Meskiโ€™agnun, king of Ur, Gan-Saman, his wife, dedicated this”

โ€”โ€‰Bowl of Gan-Saman (British Museum, BM 122255).

Bowl of Gan-saman

Elulu – แŠ แˆˆแˆ‰/แ‹แˆˆแˆ‰ – (reigned for 25 years)

Le’ul – แˆแŠกแˆ – prince.

La’al – แˆ‹แ‹แˆ – he got higher, he got elevated.

Elel/Elil – แ‹•แˆแˆ – chant of celebration.

E’le’ul’u – แŠฅแˆแŠกแˆ แŠฅแ‹ฉ – He is a Prince.

E’la’al’u – แŠฅแˆ‹แ‹แˆˆ – he was elevated.

E’lilu – แ‹แˆˆแˆ‰ – They chanted.

The contextual and symbolic meaning tells us that he was a King loved by the God’s and his people as he built a ziggurat for Enki. (Ziggurat – Zigg’urat – แ‹˜แŒˆแ‹ แ‹แˆซแ‰ต – secluded and connected resting place – a temple were the God’s rested) It could refer to the people chanting at the sight of the temple, which the scribe is trying to tell us.

mainstream translation

Elulu (Sumerian: ๐’‚Š๐’‡ป๐’‡ป, e-lu-lu) is listed as the third king of the First Dynasty of Ur on the Sumerian king list, which states he reigned for 25 years.

One early inscription for an “Elulu (or Elili), king of Ur” was found at nearby Eridu, stating that this king had built up the abzu ziggurat for Enki.

Some scholars have further connected Elulu with the “Elilina” who was said to be the father of the later king Enshakushanna of Uruk, but this theory is uncertain, owing to chronological difficulties.


Balulu – แ‰ แˆˆแˆˆ – (reigned for 36 years)

ba – แ‰  – in, at, into, on, by, through, because of, out of.

beluy – แ‰ฅแˆ‰แ‹ญ – antiquated, old, worn out, obsolete.

Balu – แ‰ แˆˆ – he said, speak, say.

lay – แˆˆแ‹ญ – scarlet, red.

balulay – แ‰ แˆˆ แˆˆแ‹ญ – he wanted blood.

belual’la – แ‰ฅแˆแ‹•แˆˆ – over him.

The contextual and symbolic etymology tells us that the King was fighting enemies which eventually led to his demise. It also tells us that another monarch defeated him or controlled him as there was someone above him.

mainstream translation

Balulu (Sumerian: ๐’€๐’‡ป๐’‡ป, ba-lu-lu) was the final king of the First Dynasty of Ur, according to the Sumerian King List, which states he ruled for 36 years:

“โ€ฆ Mesh-ki-ang-Nanna, son of Mesannepada, was king, 36 years he ruled; Elulu, 25 years he ruled; Balulu, 36 years he ruled; 4 kings, the years: 171(?) they ruled. Ur with weapons was struck down; the kingship to Awan was carried off.

Sumerian King List, 137-147. Both his reign and the dynasty came to an end when he was defeated by a king of Awan.


The 2nd dynasty of Kish

Susuda – แˆฑแˆณแ‹ฐ – (reigned for 201 years)

Susa – แˆฑแˆณ – 60

Susa – แˆฐแˆฐแ‹ – became greedy, miser.

sesay – แˆดแˆฐแ‹จ – feed, procure, sustain, provide for.

Sada’ – แŒปแ‹•แ‹ณ – become white, become bright.

wusuda – แ‹ˆแˆฐแ‹ฐ – take, lead, carry away.

Su’usuda – แˆตแ‹“ แŠฅแ‹ˆแˆฐแ‹ฐ – At that time, he was the leader.

Susa da – แˆฑแˆณ แ‹ณแŠ  – only 60.

Susa da- แˆตแˆณแ‹” แ‹ณแŠ  – what a greeed ?

The contextual and symbolic etymology tells us that Susuda could be the one who lead the fight against the Awan dynasty to recalim the throne.

mainstream translation but a link is not aviailable.

Susuda – “The fuller” – reigned for 201 years.


The language of our collective consciousness

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